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I Forge Iron

Charles R. Stevens

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Everything posted by Charles R. Stevens

  1. Try orientating your trench the other direction with the tuyere coming in from the side. For small forging 2” is deep but honestly 4” is better. Best is about 4” from the top of the tuyere to the top of the hearth with an inch under the tuyere. Then with 4” high sides to the trench to help bank fuel. The sides are not nessisary with coal as you can just mound up coal but with charcoal you just end up with all the fuel a light and not contributing to heating the stock. When I built my steel sideblast I took a 12” square plate and cut it diagonally.
  2. Originally heal and toe calls were for traction on brick and cohoes streets. Modern folks are under the impression that pulling horses need the extra traction wile pulling. Not true in most cases. I can see that the heals are cleanly cut and the toe calk is very well made and welded. One will notice the nails are placed very close to the edge and quite small, leading one to suspect a thin hoof wall. man average riffing horse has a foot about 5” across in any direction. if I was making a WAG, I would say Percheron, as they have Arab in their background and thinner hoof walls. Tho the shape is reminiscent of a hind shoe I would further suspect a Percheron as they have a narrow pointed front foot, and hind feet tent to have two quarter clips, tho modern keg shoes have only the single toe clip. tho smiths of old were known for the machine like quality of their work I actually suspect it to be an early machine made shoe, perhaps with the toe calk skip welded on buy the farrier.
  3. Mine is simply a solid rod treaded for pipe fittings and fitted with pipe caps, intact for the longest time one was plastic....
  4. So I read some where many moons ago that 80% of pearls panic. This is why military, law enforcement and fire fighters go threw such repetitive training. When you panic the training takes over. I can’t swear to the validity of said statement as I appear to belong to the other 20%, as do my parents. George, I think all woman are beserkers when properly motivated buy a man ;-)
  5. Alpine used to make smoke generators for alarms, the problem with setting off a Pepper sparky bomb is the Oliumcapstain gets on everything and being an oil... As to frosty and the bear traps, I think it more likely he just feeds the bears ...
  6. You could have had the panels, charge controller and batteries already installed! Or just gone with a wind mill and a jack shaft...
  7. I can vouch for the quality of Jen’s knives.
  8. DOM tubing doesn’t have a weld seam on the inside like conventional tubing.
  9. http://warehamforgeblog.blogspot.com/2015/03/early-medieval-twin-with-bar-bellows.html?m=1
  10. Subsoil usually dose well, I would say a 24” inch buy 18” box is about as small as is practical with a forge fire about 4” wide buy 8” long with a 3/4-1” ID tuyere. This will heat a 1” bar or less. If you use the small wood stove bellows you will need two pumped alternatively as it is not a double bellows. A cross shaped rig can be made that will pump them with only one hand.
  11. Portability with a JABOD or JAPOB forge is always tricky because of weight. I prefer a simple side blast tuyere to Tim’s as I find it more fuel efferent. this is my thoughts and experience with brick, make a rectangular box out of brick the size of one brick, in the US that would be 4” wide, 4” deep and 8” long. This is below the hearth, or in this case more brick to make an area before and shine the forge to support the stock, then on each side place one and a half or two bricks on each side to make a trench 4” high and 12” long. It’s hard to clean out and you will melt bricks...
  12. Small tankless are really affordable, I went that route for the wash house, Takes 60f ground water to 120 for the washing machine, wash sink and outside shower. I will probably go the same route for the house, tho a Steve Beard )spelling?) style solar collector to meet Sandy’s need for a bath tub might be required. needless to say I only need to service one bath, and no dishwasher, lol
  13. Make sure you plant Osage and locust posted upside down....
  14. As do I, Jerry. There are many a personality on IFI I would like to break bread and try not to drown myself over coffee with.
  15. Forges and rammed earth walls... Sometimes “you suck” is a backhanded compliment Jerry.
  16. The Smithsonian uses olive oil to treat leather in its collection, and tho I have used neats foot oil for years (both 100% beef shin bone and synthetic) olive oil is less expensive and works very well, and cooking spray is easy to apply to swade. another oil that is cheaper than the alternative is soybean oil (sold as “vegetable oil”) it’s a drying oil like linseed oil and is recommended for making oil cloth from cotton instead of linen. Being a site cheaper than linseed oil it is my go to tool handle dressing.
  17. Welding jackets are usually swade, a fine brass brush is the go to for swade cleaning as is gleserin soap (saddle or bar) try not to get it sopping wet as it will get stiff. Best to apply the soap lather with a stiff nylon brush and then wire brush it after it dries to raise the nap back up one might want to dress it with a spray of olive oil based cooking spray, again not so heavy as to stand your clothes or make the thing oily. It lubricates the fibers and helps with keeping it soft. Wetting it will make it stiff, so expect to work it over the banister to soften it. depending on the age, it may be brown or gray, gray is typically water buffaloe tanned with a chemical that can be washed in a machine, but be ware of wife...
  18. Mike wrote the book, literally. Take his suggestion and read page 13 of the burners 101 sticky. after that you will be surprised at the amount of help you will get. You doing a little home work encourages the curmudgeons to help more than standing around with your beak open expecting to be spoon fed. Not that I think that is what you are doing but I am speaking as much to you as to any lurkers present and future
  19. Frosty will blow the charcoal out of the fire pot as well, lol Being from the southwest I think in terms of Adobe, Frosty thinks in terms of road base. A simple jar test will tell you what you have as far as mineral soil (the stuff under the good top soil that lacks organic material) put a hand full or two in a jar (I find about a third full works) and fill about two third with water. Shake and let stand 24 hours. It will settle out to a layer of sand, then silt and finally clay on top. Anything over 10% clay will work. Making bricks one wants 20-30% clay and 50-70% sand. The addition of wood ash helps keep the slag from sticking and stabilizes the clay (keeps it from taking up water) dry sweep and kitty litter are made from an expansive clay, but you can mix sand and clumping cat litter any were from 2-3 to 1 and put it in a bucket with a lid with a bit of water and make passable forge Adobe (not house brick tho) to further complicate maters one can mix clay slipand perlite or vermiculite to make a light weight fill for a mobile forge topped with regular clay or abode mix. This isn’t for insulation unless your making a bread oven...
  20. Additional carbon, traditionally charcoal powder, fabric, hair etc. have been added. The carbon traps the oxygen trapped in the canister and if a small hole is provided vents resultant CO and CO2 preventing scale formation. Many modern makers simply spray penetrating oil on the billet for the same effect.
  21. Well the problem with pure sand is it melts and forms slag. Once enough ash builds up the problem goes away. The problem with clay is slag sticks to it like glue, enough sand and the problem goes away, lol.
  22. Got a friend who just suffers heat exhaustion last week. The AC on the city tractor decided to quit and the heater blend door hung open. 6 hours in the ER and a couple of weeks off work. Bet the City gets the AC fixed... I had heat stroke as a kid and being both ex infantry and ex fire fighter I am acutely aware of hydration. Especially being an AZ desert rat by raising. Boys if you find the stream getting week go see your Vet, I take medicine so I pee like a human being, and am sure a rotor rooter job is in my future. I personally find hydration in the winter to be difficult, even tho it’s just as important.
  23. So now you’re you are at the thinking stage of anvil design. Often less is moor
  24. So the reason I used red brick (the soft old fashioned kind) is that they were lying around. I melt hard fire brick just as easy. the only place I really recommend placing brick is under the fire. Traditional English forges used flyash and clinker to fill the box, so in the face off loose fill the brick keeps you from digging to deal wile you clean out. the Mark III being designed to take down I wanted to be able to put the bricks in one bucket, the fill in another and the fuel in another. The share cat litter buckets stack well: min your case I still think a fire brick placed 4-5” below the hearth is good insurance.
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