PT - JOURNAL ARTICLE
AU - Zeng, Zhao-Bang
AU - Wang, Tao
AU - Zou, Wei
TI - Modeling Quantitative Trait Loci and Interpretation of Models
AID - 10.1534/genetics.104.035857
DP - 2005 Mar 01
TA - Genetics
PG - 1711--1725
VI - 169
IP - 3
4099 - http://www.genetics.org/content/169/3/1711.short
4100 - http://www.genetics.org/content/169/3/1711.full
SO - Genetics2005 Mar 01; 169
AB - A quantitative genetic model relates the genotypic value of an individual to the alleles at the loci that contribute to the variation in a population in terms of additive, dominance, and epistatic effects. This partition of genetic effects is related to the partition of genetic variance. A number of models have been proposed to describe this relationship: some are based on the orthogonal partition of genetic variance in an equilibrium population. We compare a few representative models and discuss their utility and potential problems for analyzing quantitative trait loci (QTL) in a segregating population. An orthogonal model implies that estimates of the genetic effects are consistent in a full or reduced model in an equilibrium population and are directly related to the partition of the genetic variance in the population. Linkage disequilibrium does not affect the estimation of genetic effects in a full model, but would in a reduced model. Certainly linkage disequilibrium would complicate the detection of QTL and epistasis. Using different models does not influence the detection of QTL and epistasis. However, it does influence the estimation and interpretation of genetic effects.